Phishing is one of the cybersecurity threats that is costing most companies billions of dollars annually. For that reason, you cannot afford to overlook the importance of taking the necessary precautions to help your users avoid phishing emails.
On the other hand, phishing attacks will only increase as the invention of new, advanced threats against target entities continues and even as cybercriminals become wiser and refine their tactics. As such, training all users to avoid phishing emails becomes a necessity if you want to protect your firm from this risk.
The Importance of Training Users to Avoid Phishing Emails
Indeed, emails are more susceptible to cyber attacks, and phishing can range from attacks targeting particular individuals, including C-level finance directors or executives, to broad-stroked attacks across an entire enterprise. The crafting of targeted phishing attacks happens by leveraging information from public sources and such platforms like LinkedIn.
The same way there are different levels of intelligence in the business arena, there are various sophistication levels within the cybercriminals circles. For instance, amateur cybercriminals use unsophisticated approaches like quick phishing attacks to target most users. On the other hand, experienced cybercriminals will spend time finding ways to grab readers’ attention and convince them the message is legitimate.
It is worth mentioning that a user can expose your firm to an online attack with a single click or document download. So, your workers need insight into how they can avoid phishing emails because this is the first and best line of defense for your organization.
Types of Phishing Attacks
Before delving into how to train users to avoid phishing emails, you need to understand the different types of phishing attacks. Phishing is the most common approach that cybercriminals use to attack firms, and below are details on the popular tactics that attackers use.
The target of whaling attacks is executives with highly personalized emails that appear legitimate. The attack can include false information like a job title and an “employee’s” name.
b) Domain Spoofing
Cybercriminals make websites and emails appear to be coming from a legit organization in the case of domain spoofing. Since domain spoofing makes the URL look like the actual domain, telling the difference between them becomes a challenge. Additionally, domain spoofing makes a site resemble your entity’s design, and the attack comes in the form of emails appearing to be originating from your firm’s email address.
c) CEO Fraud
Cybercriminals can pretend to be the CEO of your organization. That is possible by creating an email that appears to originate from a CEO or a lower-level worker. Usually, the message will ask one to avail some form of personal details.
d) Spear Phishing
The personalization of emails for particular victims is the idea behind spear phishing, which is a very targeted attack. As such, an attacker can discover the subject lines that an intended victim will find interesting, and that is possible through social engineering.
How Do You Train Users to Avoid Phishing Emails?
Practical user training on phishing matters is critical because it acts as a safety precaution for your enterprise. Below are details on how you can train users to remain vigilant in this case.
1. Focus on Creating Awareness
Cybersecurity training cannot be a success without creating awareness. That makes creating awareness the first step you should take in any phishing training program. Users can hardly tell what they need to be vigilant about if they have no understanding of underlying threats. In that case, here are some of the things users should know.
• What is phishing, how does it happen, and what risks does it pose at a company and individual level?
• The number of cybercriminals that find and use personalized information to achieve their objectives.
• Different tactics of phishing attacks.
2. Opt for Chunk Lessons
Supplying long, drawn-out learning sessions is not the ideal option for your phishing training program. Instead, consider breaking lessons down into short, manageable chunks and spread them consistently throughout the year. That way, users can fit the lessons into their busy schedules without difficulties.
3. Engage Expert Speakers
Ensuring you get the message across after planning a phishing training program should be a priority. You can achieve that by inviting expert speakers to educate users. Such individuals are knowledgeable in phishing strategies that attackers use, and they can share this knowledge in the best way possible.
4. Prepare User Quizzes
When users imagine that there is nothing to learn, listening to training lessons on anything can hardly become effective. So, you should consider supplying users’ short quizzes on phishing before and throughout the training. By doing so, users will realize that they do not have all the necessary information. That, in turn, will make users more receptive to educational activities and training.
5. Adopt Phishing Email Training
The other critical step in phishing awareness training is phishing email training. Phishing email training’s primary purpose is to teach users to recognize phishing signs of attacks like fraudulent URLs, emails with improper grammar and spelling, and incorrect email addresses. Also, details on recognizing spoofed emails, phishing links, phishing attachments, and the steps a user should take after identifying a threat should be available in the phishing email training.
6. Embrace PowerPoint Presentations
One of the commonly used teaching tools for presentations is PowerPoint because it proves valuable when deploying it for strategic tasks. Here are a few ideas for maximizing PowerPoint.
• Identify a lively and easy-to-view theme.
• Ensure your bullet points are short and concise.
• Do not forget to add visual elements.
• Use relatable and exciting fun images, facts, and humor to break your points.
Also, ensuring notes are available for individual review by users after your PowerPoint presentation is a wise idea.
7. Consider Phishing Simulation Training
Facing phishing attacks is the best way to learn, but the approach should not expose you to security risks, and that is where phishing simulation training comes in handy. Phishing simulation allows you to create “real” phishing attacks, which you can send users. As a result, you gain a better understanding of the risks facing your entity through these managed attacks.
In turn, you can customize your training, which will become an eye-opening experience for users to ensure that they remain vigilant in the future.
Why You Should Consider Trend Micro Phish Insight
Cybersecurity awareness is a necessity, and that is why training users to avoid phishing emails is not an option. One of the tools worth investing in for training users about avoiding phishing emails is Trend Micro Phish Insight. Opting for this tool allows you to access;
• Useful training content as a result of collaboration with leading training providers who deliver up-to-date information.
• Quizzes to improve learning. That implies that one can measure training effectiveness using short tests at the end of a training module.
• Simple and clear reporting that allows you to view metrics that track attendance and quiz scores using easy-to-consume dashboards. Also, downloading data with a single click and importing it into your BI tool is possible in this case.
A combination of Trend Micro’s phishing awareness training and phishing simulation solutions results in a holistic training approach that ensures users are more resilient to the threat of cyberattacks. Below is a characteristic example of the lifecycle of a security awareness program.
Training users — monitoring and analyzing results — starting a realistic, but safe simulated phishing attack.
Note that user security awareness training is not a one-off task since phishing and the strategies that cybercriminals use keep evolving. The implication here is that training users to avoid phishing emails should be a continuous process. Conducting user security awareness training quarterly is advisable, but remember to slot in simulations and awareness of new threats in between.
If you need more information on training users to avoid phishing emails, contact us today!